Archaeology

An arbitary shot from the past, excavations in Beit She'an, Jericho, Hazor, Jerusalem

Israel is not only a melting-pot of cultures, but even an important treasure chamber of antiquities. Here has been the history produced. Of course have the most excavations a link with Israel (Palestine, Philistine, and Canaan).
Beit She’an is situated close near the Jordan River at the end of the Izre’el valley. In 1479 BCE has been the place conquered by Thoetmoses III. Ramses II have had there an army camp. Emperor Septimius Severus makes the place a very well done place. Probably by a heavy earthquake be the town destroyed. The excavations give the world a treasury of antiquities. You can see pillars with beautiful sculptures, roads from far before our era, a very nice amphitheatre and many, many pieces of materials from stone. The town exist from nearly 5000 years ago and be many times rebuilt. You will find Beit She’an by road 71 from the direction of Afula or road 90 from the direction of the north. There are a lot of fishponds in the surrounding. In the summer is is very hot and to use a head protection is need. In the town Beit She’an lives 15.000 people.

Next the place of excavations there is a tell (hill) with many of years work to do. North of Beit She'an you find the Belvoir.

Hazor in the north near road 90 Tiberias-Metulla is easy to find. It was not only a place for trade but there stay even the regional government. Salomon has built a heavy wall surround the town. In 732 BCE be the town destroyed by an earthquake. Israel's most important archaeologist Yigal Yadin, has found more as twenty build lays. The town is from 1800 BCE Hazor, maybe older, and is has even as Megiddo an underground draw well. To reached this well by a tunnel. The fourteen century temple found in Hazor belongs to the Canaanites.

Even Mamshit in the Negev, near Dimona on road 25, is a century old historical place with a mosaicfloor.

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Megiddo is situated on road 66. Coming from the west take road 65 in the direction of Afula. After Umm el Fahem you arrived by the traffic lights with road 66. Go left >>right is to Yenin << and follow the signs Megiddo. Already you see these tell upraised against the blue sky. Drive up to the parking. Enter Megiddo, buy a ticket and enjoy the past of this very important place of history. A special room show you the place by a model and next this room you find a restaurant and small shop store. A walking over the tell brings you in ancient times. My favourite place is the northerner view point. There you feel the past. Looking down to the excavations and remembering the books of Flavius Josephus, you experience the past. Think about the several kings, battles and slaves, the inhabitant and martyrs. And if we want believe the descriptions about it, this will be the place of Armageddon, the end battle between good and bad. If you be there visit also the water well with the very long tunnel to the source deep in the earth..
Caesarea is a place on the coast near Hadera. Find the place by road 2 from the south of the north or road 65 from the east. This is the direction of Afula. Next this place you see from far the high chimneys from the Ma’or power plant. Caesarea is a young modern place with beautiful roads, houses and parks. The village is decorated with many flowers and is the living place of the president of Israel. The houses are from several architectonics views and the owners belongs to the well-done classes. Don’t forget to visit the Rakki museum built in hacienda style. The entrance is free and you find a spectacular collection of art, even from Salvador Dali. But, Caesarea is more known as ancient place with a beautiful Roman aqueduct, the Citadel and Amphitheatre. Both places from this ancient time you find on the seashore separated by the power plant Ma’or. This plant dominated the surrounding with the hundred meters high chimneys and the very large pier for ships. The aqueduct is situated belong the beach. Since 2003 you have to buy a ticket for reach the place. See the enormous length from the aqueduct in the direction of the Carmel from where the water came for the citadel.

The excavations you can reach by entering a wooden bridge. A half km south of this point you find the amphitheatre. For visit you need to buy a ticket. Several restaurants make your visit easy. The citadel Caesarea was build by King Herod.

Nimrod is situated on the Golan Heights and you can reach it from the direction of Kyriat Shmona road 99. Take by waterfalls Sa’ar road 989, a beautiful road with many views. Nimrod is destroyed by an earthquake in 1759.

Qa'lat Namrud so named in Israel has a very long history. Some investigators say that the fort was built by the crusaders other has the meaning that it be an old Arab town. Now it is like a park and you have to pay for visit. Inside you get a very impressed feeling from the ancient time and style of building from that time. Nimrod lay on the top of a mountain with an unforgettable view of the landscape surround. You can see the Hula Valley and the Banias. The fort lays belongs the old road Tyrus - Damascus. A thirteen century inscription above the gate is from the builder Ayyubid.

Susita National Park read the story of Eretz issue october 2005

Kfar Nachoum (Capernaum) on the shore of Lake Galilee is traditional a tourist attraction. Special pilgrims have this place in their program. The synagogue where Jesus has teaches is well-known by many visitors. The place where follow the history Jesus walked over the water is even important for the pilgrims. Now you find wooden steps in the water so the tourist can walk like Jesus did. See also Beatitude monastry.

Nearby you find another historical place, the Petrus house. Above this is built a monastery with in the centre a big plate of glass. Under this glass you see the fundaments of the house of Petrus.

Jericho has survived more as 9000 years of destructions. There is found an old stone Neolithictower found. It is a town with a very rich history and a place with worth full archaeologies findings. It was the centre town of caravan routes from the ancient time. You can reach the place from Jerusalem or from the south or north by road 90. Jericho is now under control of the Palestinian Authority.  Nearby Jericho you find the ruin from the monastery Hyrcania, also a desert town from the second century BCE and destroyed in 57 BCE by the Roman Gavinius. Jericho knows even another record it be the lowest town on earth, 250 meter below sea level. Archaeologist Kathleen Kenyon stay there from 1952-'58 charge of with excavations and wrote a book named “Jericho”. In 2010 Jericho exist 10.000 year. You find in this place the biggest and most beautiful mosaicfloor in the world.
Ein Avdat is a historical town in the Negev Desert. You find this place 8km south of Sde Boker on the road 40.  The Negev has been the domain of the Nabathean and the Byzantines. A visit of Avdat  (Ovdat) stay still in your mind. The place is build on a hill from where you have a magnify view surround. Of course it was even a perfect place for the Romanians. You can see the Roman camps below in the soil. The archaeologist Avraham Negev has rebuilt many points from the Byzantine time. Nearby a deep canyon ended by a waterfall.

Shivta. Not only Avdat has a capital history but even a visit to Shivta is important. This ancient town is situated on road 21 in the direction of Nitzana and fifty km south of Beersheba.

The Nabathean be the founders of Shivta two centuries before era. This place also as Avdat is captured in 106 BCE by the Roman commander Trajanus. In nearly 400 AC has the town rebuilt by the Byzantines. They live there in very comfortable and nice houses and churches. The ruins of some of this you can visit there.

Arad you find belongs road 31. Also this citadel is excavated by Aharoni. The earlier Canaanite town nearby is complete excavated. In bronze period be Arad a example for town building. By reconstruction they found an Israelite holy thing from the tenth century BCE. The downtown goes back to nearly 3000 year BCE.

Jerusalem is the treasury chamber of the ancient time. With the destroying in 70 AC stops the archaeological build of this town. Of course many excavations from after this time are very impressed. But the main question is what is there more in the bottom of the bible mountain Moria. Walking trough the Citadel of David,  the old shopping centre, the Western wall (Kotel) and mount Temple, you will feel the past. Everywhere archaeologists are spitting. All the treasures from the history you can see in the IsraelMuseum.

Even important is New or West Jerusalem. Visit the meters high menorah in front of the Knesset, the Israel Museum with the white dome and within the Dead Sea scrolls, the holocaust museum Yad Vassem. On mount Herzl you find the national cemetery. Mount Scopesis the place for the Hebrew Universityand the Hadassah hospital with the windows of painter Chagall.

The Dead Sea area hides many treasuries from the history of Jericho, Qumran, Masada, Avdat and the Negev to call someone.

Qumran you find on road 90 the road to Eilat. Stay over the night in kibbutz Kalia on the beginning of the route along the Dead Sea. The caves of Qumran have been found in 1947 by a shepherd boy. Inside he found in some broken bottles the Dead Sea Scrolls. The scrolls are important for reason of text, for example the full book of prophet Jesaja. They are written in ancient time by the Essenen, the residents of Qumran.

Ein Gedi is a very nice kibbutz wonderful nature, kind of Garden of Eden. These oases we find in the middle of danger desert of Judea. This has been the hidden place of David. Visit this kibbutz in the Judea desert and you will stay there forever

Masada is a very important mount for the Jewish history now and in the past. The officers of the IDF give there his oak to the army with the yell, never more Masada. In the citadel on  top lives a group of  nearly thousand Jewish who defend this citadel till 73 AC. Then after a long battle the Romanian defeat them. When the attackers enter the top they found out that the group of zealots became collective suicide.  On the northern side of Masada you find three unique palaces of King Herod. Yigal Yadin, archaeologist and army-general renovate Masada till what you see now. So you see much form of old buildings like houses, synagogue, workshops, granary and many things of the Jewish culture. You can reach the top by cable car or via the snake path. This is the original path from the Romanian soldiers. Flavius Josephus spent as witness many pages in his book the Jewish War to this place and history. From the top you can see down the prints of the Roman camps.

Herodion possible burialplace of King Herod.

The footprint of dino’s nearby Beit Zait are simulated by Mordechai Sofer, a former student geology of theHebrewUniversity of Jeruzalem. In the summer of 1962 Sofer inform professor Mosje Avnimelech, paleontoloog, there their be found unknown footprints found in the gharden of Schwarzwald, even as Sofer, from Beit Zait (Beth Zayit) . Moshe Avnimelech went the next day immediately to the footprints. Into the area they excavated 400 square meter and found also footprints. The footprints are some hunderd of million years old and be from the theropod dinosaurus.

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